Cancer means any lump on the human body that exceeded the normal limits of human organs. The main characteristic of these lumps is that they grow and develop on human organs on their own. However, every type of cancer has its way of growth and development. Some of them keep the form of the organ on which they develop without causing serious damages. On the other hand, there are also tumors that grow much faster than normal cells causing harmful effects that, in most cases, can be fatal. Breast cancer falls into the latter category, and it is one of the leading causes of death in females.
Breast cancer develops when glandular cells of the breasts start to grow and replicate uncontrollably destroying the health tissue. This type of cancer occurs more often in women than men. The statistics are frightening- almost every third women after age 60 is diagnosed with breast cancer.
The risk is higher in women whose family members are diagnosed with breast cancer. This is the reason why it is very important to know family history because genetic factors play probably the most important role in the inheritance of this disease.
Also, the risk of breast cancer increases in women who have their first baby after age 35, in women with late menopause as well as in women with physical injury in the breast area.
Breast cancer is usually painless in early stages, and the most common symptom is a painless lump in the breast. The lump is usually hard and, it has irregular edges and noticeable changes in size or shape. In most cases, the first symptoms include changes in the shape and color of nipples, discharge from nipples, swelling under the arm or irritation and rash on breasts.
Having at least one of the above-mentioned symptoms is cause for alarm and requires immediate check-up because if detected at an early stage, breast cancer can be successfully cured.
Every woman should perform breast self-exam at least once a month. Self-exam helps every woman to get familiar with the look of the breast and to notice every unusual swelling or lump.
The doctor evaluation includes the following tests: medical history and physical examination, ultrasound, mammogram, and biopsy. These tests will provide information about the changes in breast tissue and the distinction between a malignant and benign tissue mass, and finally testing the part of the removed tissue in the laboratory.
If detected at an early stage, a lumpectomy is one of the methods that is usually used. This method includes the removal of the lump without causing any damage to the breast.
Mastectomy is a method that is used when breast cancer is detected at an advanced stage. It means that one or even both breasts will be removed surgically to prevent cancer from spreading.
Cardiovascular disease includes all diseases associated with heart and blood vessels. According to statistics, this is the biggest problem of modern medicine. Every cardiovascular disease is a fatal threat, and it is the leading cause of death in the world. Most of these diseases, if not treated, cause serious consequences and in the worst case, they can cause heart and lung failure which inevitably leads to death.
The basic protection is the one created from childhood to old age. Regular eating habits, exercises, avoiding alcoholic beverages, nicotine, and other harmful substances are one of the most important things in the prevention of cardiovascular diseases.
The first and the most important thing is to avoid fast food and animal fat as well as to eat smaller portion to avoid obesity.
Physical activity is also equally useful because it can help us to maintain a normal body weight and to prevent most of the cardiovascular diseases.
Leading a life without alcohol, smoking and excessive use of drugs is very useful in the prevention of cardiovascular disease as well as resting, holidays and spending time with people that make us happy. Besides, the regular cardiovascular examination is also necessary.
Education is one of the most important prevention that one can have because it helps people to understand and get to know their cardiovascular system, its functions and importance as well as to recognize risk factor and to react immediately to prevent serious damage.
There is not only one symptom that can accurately indicate heart disease. Some of them can indicate that there is a problem connected with the cardiovascular system, but the main problem is that there are some symptoms that only diagnosed together can indicate cardiovascular disease.
Some heart diseases don’t show symptoms until the last moment. Therefore, the regular check-up is needed. Some of the symptoms that can warn you about the cardiovascular disease are a pain in the chest, tiredness, shortness of breath and dizziness, tightness or pressure in the chest.
Also, it is very important to check the level of risk factors such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol or diabetes.
Treatment is straightforward but very demanding. The regular use of prescribed medicine can be of much help to keep the disease under control but without giving up some harmful habits that can worsen the condition, there is not a real cure.
People who suffer from cardiovascular diseases should give up smoking, alcoholic beverages, fast food, drugs, reduce stressful situations. And as opposed to that, they should practice physical activities as much as possible. Regular and health diet is also crucial. People should reduce the amount of food on a daily basis and should give up fat and fast food.
In some cases, surgical intervention is the only way to cure a particular cardiovascular disease. Thanks to the achievements in medicine, these surgeries are not dangerous and can be of much help in curing these diseases.